2.1 Nouns, Pronouns, and Agreement

This book covers the lesson relating to nouns, pronouns, and agreement.

Solve Problems with Pronoun Agreement

The noun that a pronoun replaces is called the antecedent . In the sentence below, the pronoun he refers to the antecedent Ben.

Ben is very eager, but he needs to slow down and work carefully.

A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in three ways:

  1. A pronoun and antecedent must agree in person . Person refers to the point of view of the writing. There are three points of view, or persons:
  • The first person does the writing or speaking. First-person pronouns are I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, ours.

I am conducting performance reviews, so we need to meet.

As the office manager, you must order the supplies.

  • The third person is the person or thing written about. Third-person pronouns are he, she, it, one, him, his, her, hers, its, they, them, their, theirs.

Ben is very eager, but he needs to slow down and work carefully.

  1. A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in number . Singular antecedents take singular pronouns (Benhe), and plural or compound antecedents take plural pronouns (Lisa and Benthey).
  1. A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in gender . For a female antecedent (Lisa), the pronoun should be feminine (she). For a male antecedent (Ben), the pronoun should be masculine (he). If a noun is neither male or female (patience), use it.

In the video below, the teacher corrects a paragraph that uses the wrong pronouns.