A noun names a person (worker), place (city), thing (bus), idea (goodness), or action (driving).
Some nouns are singular because they name one thing, such as apartment. Other nouns are plural because they refer to more than one thing. To form most plural nouns, follow these four rules:
|For some nouns that end in o, add -es.
hero + es = heroes
potato + es = potatoes
tomato + es = tomatoes
- To make most nouns plural, add -s.
|bedroom + s = bedrooms
||photo + s = photos
- To make nouns that end in ch, sh, s, x, or z plural, add -es.
|bench + es = benches
||dish + es = dishes
||bus + es = buses
|box + es = boxes
||waltz + es = waltzes
- To make nouns that end in a consonant and y plural, change the y to i and add -es.
- To make nouns that end in f or fe plural, change the f or fe to v and add -es.
Some nouns are irregular. They don’t follow any rules. Here are some nouns with irregular plural forms: